Sunday, September 11, 2011

Cichlids-Here are Some Fish Diseases that can also Affect Humans

Cichlids-Here are Some Fish Diseases that can also Affect Humans

This particular short article, I would like to quickly talk about fish aquarium diseases which can be transmitted to man. Some could be difficult to cure and several are often lethal. Fish TB (MYCOBACTERIUM MARINUM), otherwise known as fish tuberculosis, fish tank granuloma, swimming pool granuloma.

Linked to human TB and leprosy. •Bacteria have grown immune to treatment method. Usually takes place on extremities (hands, feet). Entrance via wounds. Incubation ranges from 2 days to 2 years; typically usually takes about 2 weeks for granuloma show up at the site of infection. Contaminated area can be pink to purple in color, may discharge pus, and can be distressing to touch.

•Treated with human TB drugs (local doctors get minocycline, rifampin, ethambutol, and biaxin); may take a number of years to get rid of (year or more). •People have gotten fish TB from fish spine punctures, cleaning fish/shrimp/crabs, getting scratched on fish tanks, from rose bushes and injuring bare feet in parking lots (infected water transferred via air during storms), mouth-siphoning fish tanks, dolphin bites, diving around reefs, splinters from fish net handles, etc. -

Usually not fatal. Can get into joints and mimic arthritis or carpal tunnel syndrome.•General type of aquatic infection affecting the skin area.Just lately noted that flowerhorn cichlid don't hold harmful bacteria that can be transmitted to humans.

VIBRIO infections. •A number of species can invade humans: V. ALGINOLYTICUS (wound infections), V.DAMSELA (wound/systemic infections), V. PARAHAEMOLYTICUS (gastroenteritis/wound infections),V.VULNIFICUS (wound/gastroenteritis/systemic infections).

•Systemic infections by means of vulnificus or damsela could be quickly Lethal, or may result to limb amputation. Systemic infections picked up by means of acute wounds.

•Incubation of vulnificus is 1-5 days; median time is 28 hours. Warning signs consist of high fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, low blood pressure, seizures, fluid-filled skin lesions, etc.

•Gastrointestinal infections through ingestion of vulnificus (consuming raw oysters, etc) along with other kinds of Vibrio may cause abrupt dehydration, and can lead to systemic infections in the event that bacteria enter in the blood.

Vulnificus can increase in numbers so quickly that blood vessels and organs get times ultimately causing amputation or death. - Antibiotics utilized are tetracycline, ampicillin, penicillin, gentamycin, etc. ERYSIPELOTHRIX RHUSIOPATHIAE, also called erythema migrans, fish-handler's disease, fish poisoning, fish hand, sealer's finger, whale finger, blubber finger, etc.

•Illness mostly work .....people handling animals or their excrements can get it, e.g.: butchers, meat-processing workers, animal caretakers, farmers, fishermen, veterinarians, cooks/housewives, sewer workers, etc. Can remain in frozen meats.

•Incubation 1-7 days. Fever, malaise, muscle and joint pains, terrible headaches. Infections can go internal to C. nervous system/heart. Most often seen on hands-can result in acute arthritis of finger joints.•Bacterial infection by way of break in skin.

Maintained by many animals, including dolphins, shellfish, and fish. - Described as "diamond skin disease," where diamond-shaped welts happen on the skin as a result of infection. •Results usually not cancerous, nonetheless could be lethal. Systemic cure is with antibiotics.

SALMONELLA - around 1600 stereotypes identified. •Infection by swallowing. Transported by many kinds of animals.•Mild to severe gastroenteritis. Could be fatal via rapid dehydration, septicemia, fecal infections. •Incubation is 7-72 hours. MAD FISH DISEASE - due to STREPTOCOCCUS INIAE. •Most recently noted from touching tilapia. Infection via pierced wounds.

•Could cause fever, shaking, meningitis, arthritis, and skin/blood infections. •To safeguard yourself - do not manage organisms/water/tanks when you have skin breaks; tend not to dive when you've got skin breaks; tend not to mouth-siphon tank water, don't eat fresh seafood, etc. Scrub hands, etc. properly following working on tanks, having seafood, and after diving.

When pierced, or injured under water, permit the wound to bleed openly for some time to get rid of injected bacteria, and then sterilize and protect wound.Those individuals with fragile immune cells are at higher chance for obtaining the above bacterial infections.

So people with AIDS, diabetes, liver dysfunction, kidney problems, or in the process of cancer treatment method, etc. needs to be extra careful. Toxins made by RED TIDE microorganisms and PFIESTERIA PISCICIDA can affect humans in a variety of means.

•PFIESTERIA exposure can lead to skin sores, memory loss, narcosis ("drugged" effect), reddening of eyes, severe headaches, blurred vision, nausea/vomiting, difficulty in breathing, kidney/liver dysfunction, severe cognitive impairment (can't remember name, address, etc), etc.

•Relapses have occurred 6 years immediately after primary exposure. •PFIESTERIA is now classed being a BIOHAZARD III, and are usually investigated only in specially-equipped labs. If I were I fish hobbyist I'd rather focus on breeding baby flowerhorn.


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